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2022.5.23
claire johnston feminist film theory

Feminism and Film Theory book. Feminist Film Theory-Sue Thornham 1999-04-01 For the past twenty-five years, cinema has been a vital terrain on which feminist debates about culture, representation, and identity have been fought. Indiana. Johnston's theory, like the "images of women" criticism previously dis- cussed, was proffered in the hope of radicalizing the reading of film texts and their production, Like Claire Johnston, Mulvey was also concerned about the way that women were reduced to spectacles on screen. Dorothy Arzner, the only woman director to have had a successful Hollywood career during the 1920-1940s, was central to the development of feminist film studies in the 1970s. ... Rereading the Work of Claire Johnston . The feminist theorists include Laura Mulvey and her theory of The Gaze, Claire Johnston who talks about the ideological image of the women and Freud’s psycho-sexual theory. ... Sue Thornham (ed. Chapter Title: WOMEN’S CINEMA AS COUNTER-CINEMA (UK, 1973) Chapter Author(s): Claire Johnston Book Title: Film Manifestos and Global Cinema Cultures Book Subtitle: A Critical Anthology Book Author(s): Scott MacKenzie Published by: University of California Press Stable URL: JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, … Notes on Women’s Cinema. Along with Laura Mulvey and Claire Johnston, I was a pioneer of Anglo-American feminist film theory and produced some influential writing during that inspirational period. 36–45, Pam Cook, ‘Approaching the work of Dorothy Arzner’, pp. The development in the feminist film theory was heavily influence by the second wave in feminism and the development of women’s studies which occurred around the late 1960’s. She based her work on Marxist theories and encouraged the use of feminist theorists in films for painting a more accurate image of women for getting rid of stereotypes (Johnston, 1973). A reader. Ícone v.13 n.2 – dezembro de 2011 ícone Programa de Pós-Graduação em Comunicação Universidade Federal de Pernambuco v. 13 n.2 ISSN 2175-215X dez - 2011 As marcas de um discurso feminista no filme Daqui p’ra frente, de Catarina Ruivo.1 Ana Catarina Pereira2 Resumo: Daqui p’ra frente, filme da realizadora portuguesa Catarina Ruivo, estreado em 2008, é uma teia … Previous. Claire Johnston’s Women’s Cinema as a Counter Cinema (1973) is one of the earliest articles on feminist film theory and practice. I started writing in the heady days of the 1970s women’s movement. ), Feminist Film Theory. Over the past two decades, in the context of fern- Share. Another line of inquiry will consist in assessing the ongoing influence of feminist film theory on today’s feminist productions, forty-five years after Claire Johnston and Laura Mulvey first identified the need to take up struggle with women’s image in film and advocated a radical cinema to counter the patriarchal ideology of mainstream cinema. The results of these inquiries led to new forms of feminist film criticism. The pioneering artices of Johnston, Cook and Mulvey open Feminism and Film Theory. Feminist film history is often seen as having emerged as an academic subfield in the mid- to late 1970s, alongside a general “historical turn” by which film scholars came to emphasize archival research and historical contextualization over high theory and semiotic analysis. In this paper Pam Cook and Claire Johnston produce a ‘feminist symptomatic analysis’ of Walsh’s film The revolt of Mamie Stover (a film “in which the female protagonist represents the central organizing principle of the text” 11), following the guidelines outlined by the editors of Cahiers du Cinema in 1969 and 1970 12. — Jeanine Basinger (b. . The development of feminist film theory was influenced by second wave feminism and the development of women's studies within the academy. Sexual Stratagems: The World of Women in Film. Within feminist film theory, the issue of the spectator has typically been situated by the visual and descriptive conventions of the film text. The twenty-seven essays represent some of the most influential work on Hollywood film, women's cinema, and documentary filmmaking to appear during the past decade and beyond. Feminist scholars began taking cues from the new theories arising from these movements to analyzing film. Informed by feminist film theorist Claire Johnston, we will explore how and when “women’s cinema”–whether theory or practice–constitutes or shapes “counter-cinema.” One three-hour class meeting per week. Early feminist critics, including Claire Johnston and Pam Cook, believed that exploring auteurship of women in film was important and Johnston and Cook in now a classic essay showed how Dorothy Arzner was able to put her stamp on work that came out of mainstream studies. The feminist film theory deals with the way in which feminists criticise films for their approach on the representation of women. Prominent scholars: Laura Mulvey, Claire Johnston College Haripur (Manali), Distt. film theory. Bedford St. Martin’s (2011). In 1973 Claire Johnston published her essay, “Women’s Cinema as Counter-Cinema” in which she offers her critique and then outlines her recommendations for the formation of an alternative feminist film movement. She wrote seminal essays on the construction of ideology in mainstream cinema ( Hollywood and European auteur cinema ). A Reader, Edinburgh University Press 1999; Multiple Voices in Feminist Film … Feminist film theory is theoretical film criticism derived from feminist politics and feminist theory. Joan Mellon, Women and Their Sexuality in the New Film (1974). "Women’s Cinema as Counter Cinema." This essay examines the work of British “cinefeminist” Claire Johnston, whose activism, writings, and filmmaking during the 1970s and 1980s merged innovative feminist media production practices with new modes of theoretical inquiry. 女性閱聽 … Laura Mulvey was one of the first to propose a feminist perspective on film analysis and criticism. 31–40 "Feminist Politics and Film History", Screen 16, 3, pp. Nationality: American. ... "Notes on Film Noir." A mind map about film theory. It is not a single concept. Edited By Constance Penley. Feminism and Film Theory by Constance Penley (Editor) Call Number: 791.436522 H432. Education: Studied medicine at University of Southern California. Feminism has had a major influence on film theory. feminists in the uk the main theorists from the uk were claire johnston, laura mulvey, pam cook & annette kuhn. This book brings together carefully selected essays on feminism and film with a view to tracing major developments in theory, criticism, and practices of women and cinema from 1973 to the present day. But Annette Kuhn’s Women’s Pictures is remarkable for the wit and clarity with which she interprets and adds to this brand-new language. DOI link for Feminism and Film Theory. 1972 saw the first feminist film festivals in the uk & usa … Classic film narrative Claire Johnston was among the first feminist critics to offer a sustained critique of stereotypes from a semiotic point of view. She put forward a view of how classic cinema constructs the ideological image of woman. Feminist film theory is a theoretical film criticism derived from feminist politics and feminist theory influenced by Second Wave Feminism and brought about around the 1970s in the United States. First Published 1988. eBook Published 23 September 1988. The development in the feminist film theory was heavily influence by the second wave in feminism and the development of women’s studies which occurred around the late 1960’s. Indiana. ... Claire Johnston-Theorist 2: Was born in 1940 and died in 1987. Required readings include seminal texts of feminist film theory by Claire Johnston, Laura Mulvey, Ann Kaplan, bell hooks, and Judith Butler. Chris Holmlund, Impossible Bodies: Femininity and Masculinity at the Movies (2002). FEMINIST FILM THEORY 503 The focus of feminist film theory on a psychoanalytic understanding of difference as sexual difference has produced a dichotomy that does not allow for any understanding of the complexities of the many differences in women's lives. Edited By Constance Penley. This anthology charts the history of those debates, bringing together the key, classic essays in feminist film theory. Michael Bronski points out of feminism and feminist film theory: ... Claire Johnston’s “Women’s Cinema as Counter Culture” (1973) offered a sustained critique of stereotypes from the Marxist inflected semiotic point of view. Theory emerged in 1975. Bill Nichols, Blurred Boundaries (1994). Ed. Although the first two forces were highly political, academical film studies were mostly theoretical. was investigated in line with feminist film theory. ema," written in 1973, British feminist Claire Johnston uses this concept of myth to describe how sexist ideology is transformed and trans- mitted in classical film. :::: ‘Aspects of British Feminist Film Theory: A Critical Evaluation of Texts by Claire Johnston and Pam Cook.’ by E. Ann Kaplan, Jump Cut, no. Imprint Routledge. ... lighting and editing. Feminist Film Theory maps the impact of major theoretical developments on this growing field-from structuralism and psychoanalysis in the 1970s, to post-colonial theory, queer theory, and postmodernism in the 1990s. Work 1961-73 by Yvonne Rainer, (Halifax; New York: The Press of the Nova Scotia College of … Patricia Erens, ed. Johnston shows how women have been stereotyped in film … 89: The Popular Film as a Progressive Texta Discussion of Coma . The essays anthologized in Constance Penley (ed. Claire Johnston states, “Feminist cinema must include a challenge to the fetishistic and sadistic aspects of the scopic drive which Laura Mulvey demonstrates so convincingly.” Theorist Mulvey also pushes that the gaze in cinema, the power by men looking at and watching women, ultimately controls women. New York: New York UP, 1999. Toby Miller and Robert Stam, A Companion to Film Theory (1999). DOI link for Feminism and Film Theory. chapter 7 | 15 pages Feminine Discourse in Christopher Strong . The question that feminist scholars first faced, the relationship of gender to filmmaking, found an apt subject in Dorothy Arzner, whose films inspired the earliest feminist film criticism, as in Claire Johnston’s seminal 1973 essay. The objective of the symposium is to acknowledge how the works of … Search in ... All Departments Auto & Tire Baby Beauty Books Cell Phones Clothing Electronics Food. 159: ... Feminism and … ISBN: 9780415901086. Gifts & Registry Health Home Home Improvement Household Essentials Jewelry Movies Music … Feminists … Claire Johnston (1940-1987) was a feminist film theoretician.She wrote seminal essays on the construction of ideology in mainstream cinema (Hollywood and European auteur cinema).. Writings "Women's Cinema as Counter-Cinema" (1975) in: Claire Johnston (ed. Kathryn Kalinak, Settling the … The majority of research within the field has been situated at exploring into the subject, from a dominant males spectatorship position (Mulvey 1975, Johnston 1999). 141: Enunciation and Sexual Difference . ... ^ Johnston, Claire. Feminism has been a huge challenger towards the film industry over the years. Hilary Neroni employs the methodology of looking for a feminist alternative among female-oriented films. Feminism at the movies : understanding gender in contemporary popular cinema. Along with Laura Mulvey and Claire Johnston, I was a pioneer of Anglo-American feminist film theory and produced some influential writing during that inspirational period. While in early contributions to feminist film theory, this concept was frequently implied but did not always dare to speak its name openly, for reasons I shall go on to explore, more recent theoretical studies almost invariably reveal explicit explorations of agency and agent-hood. In 1979, “Women’s Cinema As Counter Cinema” which was written by Claire Johnston and the article of Laura Mulvey “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema” are accepted as the first theoretical studies of feminist cinema. "Women’s Cinema as Counter Cinema." With this convergence of feminist theory and practice, the position of women in cinema came under question and solutions were sought for their problems. She engaged actively in second-wave feminism, writing articles for feminist journals and even participating in a demonstration against the Miss World Contest staged in London in 1970. In 1973 Claire Johnston published her essay, “Women’s Cinema as Counter-Cinema” in which she offers her critique and then outlines her recommendations for the formation of an alternative feminist film movement. 女性主義抗衡電影 3. Feminist film theorists have suggested two possible mechanisms for evading pa- triarchal ideology. Abstract . Johnston's theory, like the "images of women" criticism previously dis- cussed, was proffered in the hope of radicalizing the reading of film texts and their production, The notion of masquerade, initially introduced into feminist film theory by Claire Johnston and Mary Ann Doane, and developed in relation to Judith Butler's theorization of gender performativity, has been applied to cinematic masculinities by film theorists. She wrote seminal essays on the construction of ideology in mainstream cinema (Hollywood and European auteur cinema). 31-40. Feminism and Film Theory is a collection of psychoanalytically-based articles by feminist film scholars written between 1973 and 1981, and many of the most influential pieces in early feminist film theory are brought together in this volume. British feminist film theorists and practitioners Claire Johnston and Pam Cook wrote about her and presented their work at one of the first women’s film festivals in Copenhagen in 1976: International Kvindefilm Festival – International Women’s Film Festival. Consequently, to make its point, the film has to deny itself and suggest it was the struggle that was wrong, not the space. “Sucker Punch” is a film directed by Zack Synder. 女性閱聽 … In “Women‟s Cinema as Counter-Cinema,” Claire Johnston argues that in the bourgeois, sexist, male-dominated, and capitalist culture where films are produced, a female image is used as a myth. Feminism and Film Theory book. Women would welcome the destruction of ‘the satisfaction, pleasure and privilege’ that only serves repressive mechanisms in Hollywood cinema (Mulvey 1975/1989: 26). In early 70s, feminist film theorists such as Molly Haskell, Claire Johnston and Laura Mulvey respectively analysed, from different perspectives, dominant cinema’s representations of women. This set off a trend that continued for many years with many different theorists contributing towards the development of feminist film theories. 31–40, German: Women's film as a counter-film. First Published 1988. eBook Published 23 September 1988. Image of women in film: some suggestions for future research / Sharon Smith; Woman's film / Molly Haskell; Women's cinema as counter-cinema / Claire Johnston; Crisis of naming in feminist film criticism / B. Ruby Rich; Visual pleasure and narrative cinema / Laura Mulvey; Caught and Rebecca: the inscription of femininity as absence / Mary Ann Doane ... 古典 / 好萊塢電影(希區考克) l Claire Johnston- l Laura Mulvey-scopophilia、voyeurism 2. This anthology charts the history of those debates, bringing together the key, classic essays in feminist film theory. Claire Johnston, in “Women’s Cinema as Counter-Cinema,” p. 28, first articulated this in relation to feminist film theory: “The sign is always a product. Full book available in format PDF, EPUB, kindle, and Mobi Format. This anthology charts the history of those debates, bringing together the key, classic essays in feminist film theory. Abstract . Feminist film theory began to emergein the 1970s within Second Wave feminism. Laura Mulvey, Fetishism and Curiosity (1996). Ed. The article of Peter Wollen “Godard and Counter Cinema: Vent D’est” is considered as the beginning of counter cinema. She was a feminist film theoretician. ema," written in 1973, British feminist Claire Johnston uses this concept of myth to describe how sexist ideology is transformed and trans- mitted in classical film. Publication Date: 1988-09-23. ... 古典 / 好萊塢電影(希區考克) l Claire Johnston- l Laura Mulvey-scopophilia、voyeurism 2. Borrowing from Roland Barthes, Johnston claims that myth makes the ideology of sexism invisible and therefore natural by replacing the original meaning of the signifier. Johnston shows how women have been stereotyped in film since the days of the silent cinema, and argues for a cinema that challenges such narrow conventions but which will also be entertaining. Feminism has had a major influence on film theory. Feminist Film Theory maps the impact of major theoretical developments on this growing field-from structuralism and psychoanalysis in the 1970s, to post-colonial theory, queer theory, and postmodernism in the 1990s. ), … “Rereading the Work of Claire Johnston.” CAMERA OBSCURA 3-4 (1979): 21-31. • Visual And Other Pleasures, Laura Mulvey. Feminist film theory can be dense and knotty: after all, writers such as Laura Mulvey had to invent a language to make their arguments audible. Tania Modleski, The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory (1988). Edited By Constance Penley. ... Rereading the Work of Claire Johnston . Film, Form and Culture. Abstract. Edition 1st Edition. Ruby Rich --Visual pleasure and narrative cinema /Laura Mulvey --Caught and Rebecca: the inscription of femininity as absence /Mary Ann Doane --Oedipus interruptus … These two strategies for evading the supposedly falsifying effects Feminism is a movement that supports women equality within society. The development in the feminist film theory was heavily influence by the second wave in feminism and the development of women’s studies which occurred around the late 1960’s. ... Claire Johnston put forth the idea that women’s cinema can function as "counter cinema". Feminist film theory books For the past twenty-five years, cinema has been a vital terrain on which feminist debates about culture, representation, and identity have been fought. chapter 7 | 15 pages Feminine Discourse in Christopher Strong . Abstract . Pub. This film is an ideal example of the sexual confusion and anxiety felt by much of American society at this time, proving that film is a cultural product. Sue Thornham. Maps the major developments and debates in feminist film theory For the past twenty-five years, cinema has been a vital terrain on which feminist debates about culture, representation, and identity have been fought. Requisite: As an advanced seminar in film theory, some previous work with film and media studies is required. For the past twenty-five years, cinema has been a vital terrain on which feminist debates about culture, representation, and identity have been fought. Image of women in film: some suggestions for future research /Sharon Smith --Woman's film /Molly Haskell --Women's cinema as counter-cinema /Claire Johnston --Crisis of naming in feminist film criticism /B. EARTH AND WATER UNDER THE LENS OF FEMINIST FILM THEORY Dr. RAKESH RANA Associate Professor (English) Jawahar Lal Nehru Govt. 80: Feminine Discourse in Christopher Strong . Feminists have many approaches to cinema analysis, regarding the film elements analyzed and their theoretical underpinnings. Susan Jeffords, Hard Bodies: Hollywood Masculinity in the Reagan Era (1994). The twenty-seven essays represent some of the most influential work on Hollywood film, women's cinema, and documentary filmmaking to appear during the past decade and beyond. as an organizing principle of women's film festivals and journalism. ... One of them is Claire Johnston. Women's cinema as counter-cinema / Claire Johnston Visual pleasure and narrative cinema / Laura Mulvey 'Woman as sign' / Elizabeth Cowie ... Feminism and film theory. Timothy Corrigan and Patricia White, with Meta Mazaj, eds. As local, regional, and global economic pressures and cultural influences interact in different places, enduring new forms of politics are emerging that cultural theorists need to take time to understand. But since it was to become the inaugural text for a feminist ‘cine-psychoanalysis’¹ which would dominate feminist film theory during the 1980s, it is included in this section. summary. H.P.175136 ... theoretical studies of feminist cinema. ), Feminist Film Theory. Ícone v.13 n.2 – dezembro de 2011 ícone Programa de Pós-Graduação em Comunicação Universidade Federal de Pernambuco v. 13 n.2 ISSN 2175-215X dez - 2011 As marcas de um discurso feminista no filme Daqui p’ra frente, de Catarina Ruivo.1 Ana Catarina Pereira2 Resumo: Daqui p’ra frente, filme da realizadora portuguesa Catarina Ruivo, estreado em 2008, é uma teia … Pickup & delivery Walmart.com. Buy Feminist Film Theory : A Reader (Paperback) at Walmart.com. That is why feminist theoreticians, such as Claire Johnston, have come to claim that film is one of the constructing factors of the ideological image of the woman; precisely because of its continuous “contribution” to the limitations imposed on women depicted in culture and society today. She agrees that classic cinema depicts an ideological image of women and says that they are often negatively represented as ‘not-man’. 女性主義抗衡電影 3. This anthology charts the history of those debates, bringing together the key, classic essays in feminist film theory. Feminist Film Theory and Cléo from 5 to 7 offers a concise introduction to feminist film theory in jargon-free language and shows how this theory can be deployed to interpret Agnes Varda's critically acclaimed 1962 film Cléo from 5 to 7. Critical Visions in Film Theory: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Another line of inquiry will consist in assessing the ongoing influence of feminist film theory on today’s feminist productions, forty-five years after Claire Johnston and Laura Mulvey first identified the need to take up struggle with women’s image in film and advocated a radical cinema to counter the patriarchal ideology of mainstream cinema. The orthopsychic subject : film theory and the reception of Lacan / Joan Copjec; Speaking nearby / Trinh T. Minh-Ha and Nancy N. Chen; White privilege and looking relations : race and gender in feminist film theory / Jane Gaines; Racism, representation, psychoanalysis / Claire Pajaczkowska and Lola Young; That moment of emergence / Pratibha Parmar PN1995.9.W6 F45 1988. To Johnston’s argument that the figure of ‘woman’ functions within film as a sign within a patriarchal discourse, not as a... 5 ‘VISUAL PLEASURE AND NARRATIVE CINEMA’ Pub. During the second wave of feminism that occurred throughout the United States, feminist scholars began developing and applying more theories, that arose during this movement, to the way they analyzed film. Definitions of Feminist_film_theory, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Feminist_film_theory, analogical dictionary of Feminist_film_theory (English) ... ^ Johnston, Claire. Next . ... lighting and editing. The first appeals to the radical potential of critical self-awareness or critical distance; the second invokes the authenticity of everyday reality and lived experience. introduction to feminist film theory (mentioning works by scholars such as Teresa de Lauretis, Laura Mulvey, Claire Johnston and Annette Kuhn), and it also gives a limited review of the existing English language scholarship about Hungarian cinema based on works by Dina Iordanova, John Cunningham and Catherine Portuges. Rereading the Work of Claire Johnston . First Published 1988. (CV) on syllabus Thomas Leitch, et al, eds. Sue Thornham. Johnston, Claire (1972) ‘Women's Cinema as Counter-cinema’ in Notes on Women's Cinema London: SEFT. 2 (1974): 52-55. Drawing on Roland Barthes's notion of myth, Johnston investigated the myth of'woman' in classic cinema. Counter Cinema is not single, homogenous theory that strives to make unconventional movies. Feminist Film Theory Full Pages Feminist Film Theory PDF download. (N) on syllabus Please read relevant section introductions and all headnotes in the anthologies. ... Claire Johnston, E. Ann Kaplan, Annette Kuhn, Julia Lesage, Judith Mayne, Sonya Michel, Tania Modleski, Laura Mulvey, B. . Claire Johnston, Notes on Women’s Cinema (1973). summary. Description. For the past twenty-five years, cinema has been a vital terrain on which feminist debates about culture, representation, and identity have been fought. these feminists were influenced by the more scientific and definitely anti-empirical approach offered by semiotics and structuralism. Click here to navigate to parent product. Anthologized in NICHOLS 1976. In contrast to the philosophers discussed above, however, writers of feminist film theory have conceptualized the … Claire Johnston’s Women’s Cinema as a Counter Cinema (1973) is one of the earliest articles on feminist film theory and practice. Abstract . PN1995.9.W6 F453 2011. Legally Blonde: Feminist Film Theory Feminism is a movement that has had a great impact in the world of film, and how we interpret it. Mulvey argues that Freud's psychoanalytic theory is the key to understanding how film creates such a space for female sexual objectification and exploitation through the combination of the patriarchal order of society, and 'looking' in itself as a pleasurable act of voyeurism, as "the cinema satisfies a primordial wish for pleasurable looking." Arzner’s work was re-introduced at women’s film festivals in the 1970s. Edinburgh University Press, 1999, pp. A concern with representation, in both a political sense(of giving voice to or speaking on behalf of women) and an aesthetic sense, has also united the activist and theoretical projects of women's film culture. ), Notes on Women's Cinema, London: Society for Education in Film and Television, reprinted in: Sue Thornham (ed. In this field, too, writers have not seen any possibility for a relationship of mutuality in seeing and being seen. 參考資料 • Feminist Film Theory, Anneke Smelik • Issues in Feminist Film Criticism, edited by Patricia Erens. What the camera in fact grasps is the ‘natural’ world of the dominant ideology. Together with Claire Johnston, they were the two feminist film theorists who built the foundation for all the future debates that were to take place within the field. Feminist Film Theory As the feminist film movement expanded the places and processes by which women encountered film, women scholars were radically re-thinking media studies’ relations to film texts. Issues of representation and spectatorship are central to feminist film theory and criticism. Early feminist criticism was directed at stereotypes of women, mostly in Hollywood films (Haskell, 1973; Rosen, 1973). In early 70s, feminist film theorists such as Molly Haskell, Claire Johnston and Laura Mulvey respectively analysed, from different perspectives, dominant cinema’s representations of women. She put forward a view of how classic cinema constructs the ideological image of woman. Feminist film history is often seen as having emerged as an academic subfield in the mid- to late 1970s, alongside a general “historical turn” by which film scholars came to emphasize archival research and historical contextualization over high theory and semiotic analysis. She wrote seminal essays on the construction of ideology in mainstream cinema ... Feminist Film Theory. Claire Johnston (* 1940; † 1987) was an American feminist film theorist. 31-40. 104: Paranoia and the Film System . Vertigo also tries to support gender norms for women with some of the female characters. She suggested that: • Cinema draws Lesage, Julia. 46–56, Jacqueline Suter, ‘Feminist discourse in Christopher Strong’, pp. British feminist film theorists and practitioners Claire Johnston and Pam Cook wrote about her and presented their work at one of the first women’s film festivals in Copenhagen in 1976: International Kvindefilm Festival – International Women’s Film Festival. For the South African singer, see Claire Johnston (musician). For the bowler, see Claire Johnston (bowls). This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Claire Johnston (1940–1987) was a feminist film theoretician. Kullu. The feminist film theory deals with the way in which feminists criticise films for their approach on the representation of women. Google Scholar. 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